Solid State Battery

What is a solid state battery?

A solid state battery is a type of battery that uses solid electrolytes instead of liquid ones. This makes them safer and more stable, as well as longer-lasting. 

They are also smaller and lighter than traditional batteries, making them ideal for use in portable electronics.

While solid state batteries have many advantages, they are still not widely used.

This is because they are expensive to produce and their capacity is currently lower than that of traditional lithium-ion batteries. However, research is ongoing and it is hoped that these issues will be resolved in the future.

Types of solid state batteries

There are several types of solid state batteries currently being developed, including:

        • – polymer lithium ion (PLI) batteries
        • – metal air cells with graphite anodes 
        • – zinc air cells with manganese oxide electrodes

While all three types have their own benefits and drawbacks, they are still in early stages of development and there’s no clear winner yet.

So far, PLI batteries appear to be the most promising option because they offer high capacity (up to 100 watt hours), long life (between 10 thousand and 100 million cycles), low weight (~1/10th the weight of a lead acid battery), and safety features such as thermal runaway prevention. However, further research is needed before these types of batteries can become mainstream products.

Advantages of using solid state batteries

As the world moves away from fossil fuels and towards renewable energy, solid state batteries will play an increasingly important role.

Solid state batteries are more efficient and have a longer lifespan (10,000 cycles) than traditional lithium-ion batteries, making them ideal for use in solar and wind energy storage applications.

Solid state batteries are also safer than their lithium-ion counterparts, as they do not rely on flammable liquid electrolytes.

This makes them less likely to catch fire or explode, which is a major safety concern with lithium-ion batteries.

The carbon footprint of an electric vehicle’s battery may be reduced by 24% when using a solid-state battery since it can store more energy with the same amount of materials.

In addition, the utilization of technologies and materials derived from sustainable sources has the potential to cut the carbon footprint of electric vehicle batteries by up to 39%.

Solid state batteries are much smaller and lighter than traditional batteries, making them easier to transport and install.

This is especially important as we move towards a decarbonized future where electric vehicles are powered by renewable energy stored in solid state batteries.

How do solid state batteries work?

Solid state batteries are a newer type of battery that offer several advantages over traditional lithium-ion batteries. They are smaller, lighter, and can be charged more quickly.

But how do they work?

Solid state batteries are made up of a solid electrolyte instead of the liquid electrolyte found in traditional lithium-ion batteries. 

This solid electrolyte is usually a ceramic or polymer material. The solid electrolyte enables the use of a higher voltage than traditional batteries, which results in a higher energy density. 

Theoretically, this means that solid state batteries could store more energy than traditional lithium-ion batteries.

The biggest advantage of solid state batteries is their safety. The lack of a liquid electrolyte means that there is no risk of the battery catching fire if it is damaged. This makes them ideal for use in electric vehicles and other applications where safety is a concern.

Do solid state batteries use lithium

Yes, solid state batteries use lithium. Up to 35% more lithium is needed for solid state batteries compared to the technology used in lithium-ion batteries today.

Lithium is a key ingredient in the electrolyte of a solid state battery, which is what allows for the high energy density and fast charging that makes these batteries so attractive.

Lithium is also what gives solid state batteries their long life span – up to 10 times that of traditional lithium-ion batteries.

Fianl Thought

Solid state batteries offer several advantages over traditional lithium-ion batteries, including smaller size and lighter weight, faster charging times, and longer battery life. However, they still use lithium as a key ingredient in the electrolyte. 

This means that solid state batteries have the potential to offer even more benefits over traditional lithium-ion batteries, including higher energy density and safety. As technology develops, it is likely that solid state batteries will become the standard for next-generation electric vehicles.